End the #DeadlyExchange
Below you’ll find some additional resources, references, and analysis related to the content in our intro video to the campaign. We’ve organized it by key quotes in the video for easy exploration.
Under the banner of “counter-terrorism” training, officials visit Israeli checkpoints, settlements, prisons, secret service, and airports. In each of these sites, human rights groups have documented Israeli discrimination, repression, torture, and killing of Palestinians.
- For further information on the uses of the “counter-terrorism” frame as the justification for racist and oppressive policies and practices, check out these resources:
- Regarding the documentation of the violence and oppression enacted through checkpoints and at other sites of Israeli occupation, see our annotated itinerary of the ADL’s National Counter Terrorism Seminar trip. Scroll through the itinerary for detailed links about each of the sites visited and documented human rights abuses at each one.
- See Policing “Radicalization”, Part IV, beginning on page 868, for a discussion of the specific harms enacted on Muslim and Arab communities in the U.S. under the guise of counter-terrorism policies.
- Inventing terrorists: the nexus of intelligence and Islamophobia: an exploration of the institutions and individuals that contribute to U.S.-Israel collaboration around “terrorism”, their links to the Islamophobia industry, the kinds of Islamophobic policies/practices that emerge from this collaboration, and the horrifying consequences for Muslim communities in the U.S.
- See No SWAT Zone: Resisting Police Militarization under Trump for analysis of how SWAT trainings and weapons expos like Urban Shield are promoted as counter-terrorism trainings, geared towards defending the nation against radical Islam, when in reality SWAT teams are overwhelmingly deployed against poor, majority non-Muslim communities of color in the U.S.
These exchange trips occur in the context of larger US/Israel security collaboration, which includes a constant flow of weaponry.
- For further information, check out the following resources:
- JVP’s backgrounder: Israel’s Request for $50 Billion in Military Aid Over Ten Years
- Naomi Klein’s acclaimed book The Shock Doctrine includes an entire section about the growth of Israel’s homeland security industry. She writes: “Overnight, Israel became, in the words of Forbes magazine, ‘the go-to country for antiterrorism technologies.’ Every year since 2002, Israel has played host to at least a dozen major homeland security conferences for lawmakers, police chiefs, sheriffs and CEOs from around the world…As traditional tourism suffered…this kind of official counterterror tourism emerged to partially fill the gap.” She continues: “These are not policy conferences, but highly lucrative trade shows designed to demonstrate the prowess of Israeli security firms. As a result, Israel’s exports in counter terrorism-related products and services increased by 15 percent in 2006 and were projected to grow by 20 percent in 2007, totalling $1.2 billion annually.” She later quotes Len Rosen, a prominent Israeli investment banker in saying “It’s security that matters more than peace.”
- Israel’s booming secretive arms trade. “Other states need Israel’s expertise, and that ensures its place at the table with the big players. It gives Israel international influence way out of keeping with its size. In turn, the hegemonic states exert no real pressure on Israel to give up the occupied territories because of their mutually reinforcing interests.”
- How America’s police became so heavily armed This article provides some broader context for the militarization of US police. Notably, it discusses how the value of military equipment used by American police departments has risen from $1 million in 1990 to nearly $450 million in 2013.
- Along Arizona’s ‘Palestine-Mexico Border’ Security Companies Are Making a Killing” This article provides background about the huge profit motive behind the cross-pollination of arms and surveillance technology between U.S. ICE and Border Patrol executives and Israeli military and private security industries.
These exchanges build relationships between officials who work for both the US or Israeli government and also private arms and security industries.
- For further examples of Israeli officials and private security/defense business owners connected to the exchanges, please see our annotated trip itinerary, in particular, check out the profiles of Nitzan Nuriel, Amichai Magen, and the ICT. And to learn about the US attendees, check out our participant profiles, many of whom make purchasing decisions for their departments and some of whom now work in private security industry.
- For analysis of the incredibly expansive Israeli security/consulting industry that these exchanges are part of, see The Political Economy of Israel’s Homeland Security/Surveillance Industry.
A major focus of the exchange trips is how to expand existing surveillance practices in both countries, with little regard for human or civil rights.
- Read our participant profiles for detailed descriptions of the flow of surveillance technology and practices between agencies like the NYPD or LAPD and Israel as supported by the police exchange programs.
- The video references the number of surveillance companies in the U.S. and Israel. That data is from How Israel Became a Hub for Surveillance Technology
- More on HP’s role in Israeli occupation: Apartheid Technology: Hewlett-Packard’s Role in Oppression, from South Africa to Palestine to Massachusetts
Ideology: The exchange trips advance racist policies and target social justice movements as security threats.
- Refer to our detailed itinerary of the ADL’s NCTS trip for a look at some of the practices extolled by the police exchange programs. In particular, refer to the Yasam, Hebron, and Jerusalem Police HQ stops for more information and many links.
- Civil Rights Groups Move to Expose Government Spying on Black Lives Matter
- See “Ferguson is not Gaza… Yet” for an analysis of the historical use of militarized police forces against social movements in the U.S.
- More historical analysis on U.S. targeting of social justice movements:
- Cointelpro 101 Documentary Audio (see midway down the page for the full-length audio of the documentary)
- How the FBI Conspired to Destroy the Black Panther Party
- COINTELPRO, AIM & Peltier/ FBI Suppression of Indigenous Activists in the 1970s: A Primer
So who’s going on these exchanges?
- Officers from the NYPD that profile Muslim and Arab communities, surveilling every mosque within 100 miles of New York City and beyond.
- For a detailed look at the interchange between NYPD and Israeli security forces, and connection to the NYPD Demographics Unit, check out our participant profiles
- How A Former CIA Official Turned The NYPD Into A Spying Powerhouse
- See Policing “Radicalization”, Part II (beginning on page 833) and Part III (beginning on page 845), for an analysis of the NYPD’s special role in the development and institutionalization of anti-Muslim policing and surveillance policies
- Officers who are building the largest deportation machine in U.S. history
- For background information on why the frame of counter-terrorism training has contributed to current immigration policy, check out this article Why Has President Obama Deported More Immigrants Than Any President in US History
- For an exposé on the violence committed with impunity by border patrol agents on the border and analysis of the “stone-thrower” narrative, read Supreme Court to Decide Fate of Case That Challenges Cross-Border Killings by US Agents
- Officers who lead police departments that brutalize black and brown communities. The former St Louis Police Chief Timothy Fitch trained with the Israeli military three years before Michael Brown’s killing and the Ferguson uprising.
- For a detailed look at the interchange between St Louis City, County and Ferguson police and Israeli security forces, check out our participant profiles.
- See “Inside GILEE, the US-Israel law enforcement training program seeking to redefine terrorism” for analysis of the relationship between Atlanta police violence and police trainings in Israel.
- For a broader analysis of the role of U.S. policing within the larger system of U.S. institutionalized racism, see Thug Nation
- Officers who attack indigenous-led social movements, like the water protectors at Standing Rock
- For background information, check out this statement by campaign partner Red Nation
- Also refer to Leaked Documents Reveal Counterterrorism Tactics Used At Standing Rock to “Defeat Pipeline Insurgencies.”
- Professor Nick Estes spoke powerfully at JVP’s National Member Meeting about the connections between US and Israeli crowd suppression during Standing Rock uprisings this past year.
- See Malice Enough in their Hearts and Courage Enough in Ours: Reflections on US Indigenous and Palestinian Experiences under Occupation for a narrative analysis by Waziyatawin, a Dakota writer, teacher, and activist, on the ideological and material similarities between U.S. and Israeli colonization, and the indigenous struggles in each context.
So who leads these exchange trips?
- For detailed information about who facilitates the exchange programs, check out our FAQ